As the Reynolds formula shows
of fluids decide whether there is turbulent or laminar flow.
As in most fluids the viscosity is given fact, the velocity of flow, the methods to produce it, the geometry of space for such flow become main characteristics for membrane systems.
The focus of Pantreon on geometry, on calculation and design of flow spaces improves the dynamic effect of velocity and reduces mechanical stress and energy consumption.
With most conventional “cross-flow” and “dynamic” membrane systems leads insufficient turbulence to formation of layers with effects on detention, flux rate, mechanical stress, temperature, energy, membrane cleaning, etc.